Types of Welfare Programs

by Victoria Michaels

Welfare programs that are offered to individuals vary in nature by state, but a few select programs are universal in the United States. Requirements for these programs, however, do depend on the regulations that each individual state has set forth. All welfare programs must be filed for at a local welfare office.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

TANF is offered to households with little or no money.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is often offered to households that have little or no money. Typically, having children or other dependents that need care is a requirement in the household to receive this cash supplement. Many times, households with children who do not receive child support from outside sources may be eligible for this program. Many states require that a main caregiver is pursuing work outside the home.

Food Stamps

Food stamps can be exchanged electronic dollars from the government for food necessities.

Years ago, food stamps were a book of stamps that the government gave to needy families that could only be exchanged for consumable food in grocery stores. Due to numerous accounts of welfare fraud, the welfare system changed to a plastic card option that holds electronic information about the amount of food stamps the individual is entitled to and no longer are in the form of coupons. Food stamps are issued based on income and asset verification. If a family is eligible for food stamps, they can exchange “electronic” dollars provided by the government for food necessities.

Medical Insurance

Medicaid is often offered to those eligible for other government subsidies.

Each state has its own regulations on medical insurance. Medicare is available for elderly people, while Medicaid is often offered to many who are eligible for other government subsidies. Most Medicaid programs provide health care, prescriptions and dental care at no cost to the welfare recipient or for minimal cost. Some states, like Indiana, offer Hoosier Healthwise, which is a program to cover children under the age of 18. The cost of the insurance program is offered on a sliding scale and can make insurance affordable for lower-income families.

Utility Assistance

Utility assistance is available to those that qualify for other welfare benefits.

Many times, utility assistance is available to those who qualify for other welfare benefits. The utility and energy assistance programs can help offset the amount of out-of-pocket energy costs for families that are struggling to pay their bills. Often times, a utility assistance program is offered by individual counties and may be available for those who do not qualify for other programs.

About the Author

Victoria Michaels graduated from Purdue University with a bachelor's degree in professional writing accompanied by a certificate in interactive Web writing. Michaels began her writing career behind the scenes writing as a grant consultant as well as creating technical user manuals for small companies. She writes for various online magazines and websites.

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