How to Go From an E-3 to an E-4 in the Army

by Eva Talent

Promotion from private first class (E3) to specialist or corporal (E4) is usually automatic. When a soldier meets time in grade (TIG) and time in service (TIS) requirements, he is eligible for promotion; soldiers must ordinarily have four months time in grade as a private first class and have served in the Army for a minimum of two years to earn an E4 position. With a waiver, however, a private first class can be promoted to specialist or corporal with three months TIG and 18 months TIS.

Generally, a private first class (E3) must have served in her current rank for a minimum of four months; however, an E3 with three months time in grade (TIG) is eligible for promotion to specialist (E4) if she is granted a waiver from her company first sergeant.

An E3 must have served in the Army for a minimum of 24 months to be considered eligible for promotion to E4. However, if a soldier has been granted a waiver by his company first sergeant, he may be eligible for promotion after 18 months time in service (TIS).

In order to obtain a TIG waiver, a soldier must not have any record of misbehavior or have been punished under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). A set number of waivers is available to each company every month, and company first sergeants may require soldiers to compete for them by attending Soldier of the Month Boards.

About the Author

A professional writer since 1994, Eva Talent was trained as a journalist by the U.S. Army. She received two Army Commendation Medals and an Army Achievement Medal for journalistic excellence. Her press releases are frequently featured on the websites of the Department of Defense and the Army. Talent holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of Michigan.

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